Our staff have published over 140 scientific papers and regularly participate in international conferences.

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Ecology and Conservation

Renn C, Rees S, Rees A, Davies B.F.R, Cartwright A.Y, Fanshawe S, Attrill M.J, Holmes L.A, Sheehan E.V. 2024. Lessons from Lyme Bay (UK) to inform policy, management, and monitoring of Marine Protected Areas. ICES Journal of Marine Science. https://doi.org/10.1093/icesjms/fsad204

Smit, S., Henriques, R., Jackson, M., Taylor, R., Vivier, L., & von der Heyden, S. 2023. Eelgrass Zostera capensis populations in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, harbour distinct genomic signals despite limited geographical distance. African Journal of Marine Science, 45(4), 259–264. https://doi.org/10.2989/1814232X.2023.2263503

Hickman J, Richards J, Rees A, Sheehan EV. 2023. Shipwrecks act as de facto marine protected areas in areas of heavy fishing pressure. Marine Ecology. https://doi.org/10.1111/maec.12782

Brown, C., Joubert, A., Turpie, J., Reinecke, K., Birkhead, D., Forsyth, K., Davies, T., Mgoola ,W., Nyirenda, J., Arthur, R 2022. The Elephant Marsh, Malawi – Part 3: The application of an eco-social model to assess options for managing ecological status. African Journal of Aquatic Science. 1-16. DOI: 10.2989/16085914.2022.2044750.

Malan A., von der Heyden S., Herron S., Arnould J. P. Y., Kirkwood R. Matthee C. A. 2022. Palaeoclimatic changes resulted in range expansion and subsequent divergence in brown fur seals, Arctocephalus pusillus. Biology Letters.18:20220285 https://doi.org/10.1098/rsbl.2022.0285

Turpie, J.K., Benn, G., Thompson, M. & Barker, N. 2021.  Accounting for land cover changes and degradation in the Katse and Mohale Dam catchments of the Lesotho highlands. African Journal of Range & Forage Science 2021: 1-14.

Davies BFR, Holmes LA, Rees A, Attrill MJ, Cartwright A & Sheehan EV. 2021. Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries Management Works – how switching from mobile to static fishing gear improves populations of fished and non-fished species inside a Marine Protected Area. Journal of Applied Ecology. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2664.13986

Sheehan EV, Holmes LA, Davies BFR, Cartwright A, Rees A, Attrill MJ. 2021. Rewilding of protected areas enhances resilience of marine ecosystems to extreme climatic events. Frontiers in Marine Science https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2021.671427

Dawson, J., Pillay, D., Perissinotto, R. & Richoux, N.B. (2020). Fatty acid analyses provide novel insights on hippo defecation and consequences for aquatic food webs. Sci. Rep.

Dawson, J., Pillay, D. & Perissinotto, R. (2020). Idiosyncratic responses of meiofaunal assemblages to hippo dung inputs in an estuarine lake. Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci. 239.

Van Niekerk, L., Taljaard, S., Adams, J.B., Lamberth, S.J., Huizinga, P., Turpie, J.K. & Wooldridge, T. 2020. An environmental flow determination method for integrating multiple-scale hydrological and complex ecosystem processes in estuaries. Science of the Total Environment 656:482-494.

Van Niekerk, L., Adams, J.B., James, N.C., Lamberth, S.J., MacKay, C.F., Turpie, J.K., Rajkaran, A.  Weerts, S.P. & Whitfield, A.K. 2020 An Estuary Ecosystem Classification encompassing biogeography, size and types of diversity that supports estuarine protection, conservation and management. African Journal of Aquatic Science 45:199-216.

Davies BFR, Attrill MJ, Holmes LA, Rees A, Witt MJ, Sheehan EV. 2020. Acoustic Complexity Index to assess benthic biodiversity of a partially protected area in the Southwest of the UK. Ecological Indicators. 111: 106019. doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2019.106019

Omoregie E., Vellemu EC., Nashima FP., Mudumbi SB., Liswaniso GM and Shimooshili K. (2019). Assessment of copper levels along the Namibian marine coastline. GSC Biological and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 07(03): 48-55.

Sheehan EV, Rees A, Bridger D, Williams T, Hall-Spencer JM. 2017. Strandings of NE Atlantic gorgonians. Biological Conservation. 209: 482-487. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2017.03.020

Shelton, J.M., Clark, B.M., Sephaka, T. & J.K. Turpie. 2016. Population crash in Lesotho’s endemic Maloti minnow Pseudobarbus quathlambae following invasion by translocated smallmouth yellowfish Lebeobarbus aeneus. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems. DOI: 10.1002/aqc.2633

Pillay, D., Moyo, R. & A.G. Wright. 2016. Burrow trophic resources drive positive effects of a burrowing thallasinidean sandprawn (Callichirus kraussi) on a burrow symbiont (Betaeus jucundus). Marine Ecology Progress Series

Dawson, J., Pillay, D., Roberts, P. J. & Perissinotto, R. (2016). Declines in benthic macroinvertebrate community metrics and microphytobenthic biomass in an estuarine lake following enrichment by hippo dung. Sci. Rep. 6, 37359.

Kramer, R., Vink, T.J.F., Mostert, B.P., McQuaid, C.D. & R.J. Wasserman. 2015. Ontogenetic shifts in feeding and micro-habitat utilization of a burrow-dwelling gobiid in a subtropical mangrove habitat. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 462: 1-7

Pittock, J., Finlayson, M., Arthington, A. H., Roux, D., Matthews, J. H., Biggs, H., Harrison, I., Blom, E., Flitcroft, R., Froend, R., Hermoso, V., Junk, W., Kumar, R., Linke, S., Nel, J., Nunes da Cunha, C., Pattnaik, A., Pollard, S., Rast, W., Thieme, M., Turak, E., Turpie, J.K., van Niekerk, L., Willems, D. & J. Viers. 2014. Managing freshwater, river, wetland and estuarine protected areas. In G. L. Worboys, M. Lockwood, A. Kothari, S. Feary and I. Pulsford (eds) Protected Area Governance and Management, pp. xx–xx. ANU Press, Canberra. (book chapter)

Giomi, F., Fusi, M., Barausse, A., Mostert, B., Pörtner, H. & S. Cannicci. 2014. Improved heat tolerance in air drives the recurrent evolution of air-breathing. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 281: 20132927

Wasserman, R. J. & B. P. Mostert. 2014. Intertidal crab burrows as a low-tide refuge habitat for a specific gobiid: preliminary evidence for commensalism." Marine and Freshwater Research 65(4): 333-336

Teroerde, A. & J.K. Turpie. 2013. Influence of habitat structure and mouth dynamics on avifauna of intermittently-open estuaries: a study of four small South African estuaries. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 125: 10-19

Gibberd, M.J., Kean, E., Barlow, R., Thomalla, S. & M. Lucas. 2013. Phytoplankton chemotaxonomy in the Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean during late summer 2009. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers 78: 70-7

Crawford, R.J.M., Randall, R.M., Whittington, P.A., Waller, L., Dyer, B.M., Allan, D.G., Fox, C., Martin, A.P., Upfold, L., Visagie, J., Bachoo, S., Bowker, M., Downs, C.T., Fox, R., Huisamen, J., Makhado, A.B., Oosthuizen, W.H., Ryan, P.G., Taylor, R.H., & J.K. Turpie. 2013. South Africa's coastal-breeding white-breasted cormorants: population trends, breeding season and movements, and diet.  African Journal of Marine Science 35: 473-49

Turpie, J.K., Taylor, R.H., Bowker, M.B & C. Fox. 2013. Birds. In: Perissinotto, R., Stretch, D.D. & Taylor, R.H. (eds). Ecology and conservation of estuarine ecosystems: Lake St Lucia as a global model. Cambridge University Press. (book chapter)

Wilson, G. & P.A.R. Hockey. 2013. Causes of variable reproductive performance by Southern Ground-hornbill Bucorvus leadbeateri and implications for management. Ibis 155: 476-484

Teroerde, A. & J.K. Turpie. 2012. Use of a small, intermittently-open estuary by waterbirds: a case study of the East Kleinemonde estuary, Eastern Cape, South Africa. African Journal of Aquatic Science 37: 183-190

Whitfield, A.K., Bate, G.C., Adams, J.B., Cowley, P.D., Froneman, P.W., Gama, P.T., Strydom, N.A., Taljaard, S., Theron, A.K., Turpie, J.K., Van Niekerk, L. & T.H Wooldridge. 2012. A review of the ecology and management of temporarily open/closed estuaries in South Africa, with particular emphasis on river flow and mouth state as primary drivers of these systems. African Journal of Marine Science 34 (2): 163-180

Milandri, S.G., Winter, K.J., Chimphango, S.B.M., Armitage, N.P., Mbui, D.N., Jackson, G.E. & V. Liebau. 2012. The performance of plant species in removing nutrients from stormwater in biofiltration systems in Cape Town. Water SA 38(5): 655-652

Fusi, M., Giomi F., Mostert, B., Porri, F., McQuaid, C. & S. Cannicci. 2012. Thermal response of mangrove macrobenthos: explaining processes in endangered coastal systems. VLIZ Special Publication 57: 69

Helm, C., Wilson, G., Midgley, J., Kruger, L. & E.T.F. Witkowski. 2011. Investigating the vulnerability of an African savanna tree (Sclerocarya birrea ssp. caffra) to fire and herbivory. Austral Ecology 36: 964-973

Dawson, J. & Pillay, D. (2011). Influence of starfish grazing on lagoonal microalgal communities: non-competitive mechanisms for unimodal effects on diversity. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 435, 75–82.

Pillay, D., Branch, G. M., Dawson, J. & Henry, D. (2011). Contrasting effects of ecosystem engineering by the cordgrass Spartina maritima and the sandprawn Callianassa kraussi in a marine-dominated lagoon. Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci. 91, 169–176.

McQuaid, C.D. & B.P. Mostert. 2010. The effects of within-shore water movement on growth of the intertidal mussel Perna perna: An experimental field test of bottom-up control at centimetre scale. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 384: 119-123

Clark, B.M. & S. Taljaard. 2009. Historic changes in inorganic nutrient loading and its effects on water quality biota of the Berg estuary, South Africa. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 64(1) In press

Clark, B.M., Hutchings, K. & Lamberth, S.J. 2009. Long-term variations in composition and abundance of fish in the Berg estuary, South Africa. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 64(2): 238–258

Wilson, G., Branch, G. M. & P. De Coito. 2009. Comparative salinity tolerances of four siphonariid limpets in relation to habitat restriction of the rare and endangered Siphonaria compressa. African Journal of Marine Science 31 (3): 311-318

Clark, B.M. 2009. Introduction – The Berg River Baseline Monitoring Programme. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 64(2): 95

Biccard A & Midgley JJ. 2009. Rodent pollination in Protea nana. South African Journal of Botany 75, 720– 725. 

Whitfield, A.K., Adams, J.B., Bate, G.C., Bezuidenhout, K., Bornman, T.G., Cowley, P.D., Froneman, P.W., Gama, P.T., James, N.V., Mackenzie, B., Riddin, R., Snow, G.C., Strydom, N.A., Taljaard, S., Terorde, A.I., Theron, A.K., Turpie, J.K., van Niekerk, L., Vorwerk, P.D. & T.H. Wooldridge. 2008. A multidisciplinary study of a small, temporarily open/closed South African estuary, with particular emphasis on the influence of mouth state on the ecology of the system. Estuaries. African Journal of Marine Science 30: 453–473

Terorde, A., Turpie, J.K & P. Cowley. 2007. Birds. In: Whitfield, A.K. & Bate,G.C. (eds) 2007. A review of information on temporarily open/closed estuaries in the warm and cool temperate biogeographic regions of South Africa, with particular emphasis on the influence of river flow on these systems. WRC Report no. 1581/1/07. (Published report)

Froneman, P.W., Ansorage, I.J., Richoux, N., Blake, J., Daly, R., Sterley, J., Mostert, B., Heyns, E., Sheppard, J., Kuyper, B., Hart, N., George, C., Howard, J., Mustafa, E., Pey, F., & J.R.E Lutjeharms. 2007. Physical and biological processes at the Subtropical Convergence in the South-west Indian Ocean. South African Journal of Science. 103: 1-3

Griffiths, C. L., van Sittert, L., Best, P. B., Brown, A. C., Clark, B.M., Cook, P.A.R., Crawford, J., MDavid J.H.M., Davies, B.R., Griffiths, M.H., Hutchings, K., Jerardino, A., Kruger, N., Lamberth, S., Leslie, R., Melville-Smith, R., Tarr R. & C. D. van der Lingen. 2004. Impacts of human activities on marine animal life in the Benguela – An historical overview. Oceanography and Marine Biology: An Annual Review 42: 303-392

Driver, A., Maze, K. Rouget, M, Lombard, A.T., Nel, J., Turpie, J.K., Cowling, R.M., Desmet, P., Goodman, P., Harris, J. Jonas, Z., Reyers, B., Sink, K. & T. Strauss. 2004. National Spatial Biodiversity Assessment 2004: priorities for biodiversity conservation in South Africa. Strelitzia 17. SANBI, Pretoria. 44pp. (Published report)

Turpie, JK., Adams, J.B., Joubert, A., Harrison, T.D., Colloty, B.M., Maree, R.C., Whitfield, A.K., Wooldridge, T.H., Lamberth, S.J., Taljaard, S. & L. van Niekerk. 2002 Assessment of the conservation priority status of South African estuaries for use in management and water allocation. Water SA. 28: 191-206

Awad, A.A., Griffiths, C.L. & J.K. Turpie. 2002. Distribution of South African marine benthic invertebrates applied to the selection of priority conservation areas. Diversity and Distributions 8: 129-145

Turpie, J.K., Beckley, L. & S. Katua. 2000. Biogeography and the selection of priority areas for the conservation of South African coastal fishes. Biological Conservation 92: 59-72

Van Tets, I. G., Hutchings, K. & S.W. Nicholson. 2000. Relative merits of using purified proteins and natural foods in studies of wildlife nutrition: the nitrogen requirements of a rodent pollinator. African Zoology 35(2): 207-215

Hockey, P.A.R. & J.K. Turpie. 1999. The ecology of estuarine birds. In: Allanson & Baird (eds) Estuaries of South Africa. Cambridge University Press. (Book chapter)

Hockey, P.A.R. & J.K. Turpie. 1999. Waders and their estuarine food supplies: are predatory impacts or predator behaviour the key to understanding carrying capacity? In: Proceedings of the XXIX International Ornithological Congress, Durban, August 1999. Compact Disk. (Conference proceedings)

Hockey, P.A.R., Turpie, J.K., Plaganyi, E. & T.E Phillips. 1999. Scaling patterns in the foraging behaviour of sympatric plovers: effects of body size and diet. Avian Biology 29

Hockey, P.A.R., Turpie, J.K. & C. Velasquez. 1998. What selective pressures have driven the evolution of deferred northward migration by juvenile waders? Avian Biology 29: 325-330

Turpie, J.K. & P.A.R. Hockey. 1997. Adaptive variation in the foraging behaviour of Grey Plovers Pluvialis squatarola and Whimbrels Numenius phaeopus. Ibis 139: 289-298Dean, W.R.J, Milton, S.J. & J.K. Turpie. 1997. The conservation, ecology and evolution of birds - a southern perspective. South African Journal of Science 93: 1-5

Clark, B.M. 1996. Marine diamond mining activities off Namibia: do they really pose a threat to island biota? S.A. Comm. Mar. 5(3): 16

Hockey, P.A.R., Plaganyi, E., Turpie, J.K. & T.E. Phillips. 1996. The foraging ecology of Crab Plovers in Mida Creek, Kenya. Ostrich 67: 33-44

Turpie, J.K. & P.A.R. Hockey. 1996. Foraging ecology and seasonal energy budgets of estuarine Grey Plovers Pluvialis squatarola and Whimbrels Numenius phaeopus at the southern tip of Africa. Ardea 84: 57-74

Turpie, J.K. 1995. Prioritizing South African estuaries for conservation: a practical example using waterbirds. Biological Conservation 74: 175-185

Turpie, J.K. 1995. Nonbreeding territoriality: causes and consequences of individual and seasonal variation in Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola behaviour. Journal of Animal Ecology. 64: 429-438

Turpie, J.K. 1994. Why do plovers have a stereotyped foraging behaviour? Wader Study Group Bulletin 75: 39. (Popular article)

Turpie, J.K. 1994. Feathered pirates unmasked. S.A. Commercial Marine 3 (1): 22-24. (Popular article)

Turpie, J.K. & T.M. Crowe. 1994. Patterns of distribution, diversity and endemism of larger mammals in Africa. South African Journal of Zoology. 29: 19-32

Turpie, J.K. 1993. Migrant visitors. S.A. Commercial Marine 2 (2): 21, 26. (Popular article)

Turpie, J.K. & P.A.R. Hockey. 1993. Comparative diurnal and nocturnal foraging behaviour and energy intake of Grey Plovers Pluvialis squatarola and Whimbrels Numenius phaeopus. Ibis 135: 156-165

Fisheries and Aquaculture

Kapula, V., Haihambo, W., Nashima, F., & Iitembu, J. 2023. The Southern Mullet (Chelon richardsonii) as a Potential Candidate Species for Aquaculture in the Southern African Region. In Emerging Sustainable Aquaculture 

Nashima, FP., Strydom, NA and Lamberth, S.J. 2023. Assessing the application of the revised Remane Model to fish species in a fluvially dominated cool-temperate southern African coastal system. Scientific Reports, 13(1), 7465.

Easton B.A.A, Scott K, Richards J, Rees A. 2023. Catch per Unit Effort of Decapod Species, C. pagurus and H. gammarus, from a Voluntary Marine Reserve. Fishes. 8(8), 390; https://doi.org/10.3390/fishes8080390

da Silva C, Samaai T, Kerwath S, Adams LA, Watson KM, Bernard AT, van der Heever GM, Angel A, Schoombie S, Frainer G, Franken M-L, Rees A, Paterson A. 2023. Leaping into the future: Current application and future direction of computer vision and artificial intelligence in marine sciences in South Africa. Research Ideas and Outcomes. 9: e112231. https://doi.org/10.3897/rio.9.e112231

Winkler AC, Bovim L, Macena BCL, Gandra M, Erzini K, et al. 2023. Depth and temperature preferences of meagre, Argyrosomus regius, as revealed by satellite telemetry. PLOS ONE. 18(11): e0288706. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0288706

Asche, F., Garlock, T.M., Akpalu, W., Amaechina, E.C., Botta, R. Chukwuone, N.A., Eggert, H., Hutchings, K., Lokina, R., Tibesigwa, B. & Turpie, J.K. 2021.  Fisheries performance in Africa: An analysis based on data from 14 countries. Marine Policy 125: 104263.

Nashima, FP., Strydom, NA and Lamberth, S.J. 2021. Abundance and Diversity of Fish Assemblages along the River-Estuary Continuum in a Fluvially Dominated Southern African Coastal System. Estuaries and Coasts, 1-16.

Iitembu, J. A., Erasmus, V. N., Uanivi, U., Nakwaya, D., Horaeb, R. R., Nashima, F. P., ... & Mwandemele, O. 2021. The hits and misses of Namibia’s attempt to implement the Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries (EAF) Management. Ecosystem Health and Sustainability, 7(1), 1920340.

Rees A, Sheehan EV, Attrill, MJ. 2021. Optimal fishing effort benefits fisheries and conservation. Scientific Reports https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-82847-4

Nashima, FP., Strydom, NA., Connan, M and Lamberth, SJ. 2020. Stable isotopes reveal trophic linkages among fish species utilizing the Orange River Estuary Continuum. Food Webs, e00145. 

Nashima, FP. 2020. Spatio-temporal variation in length-frequency and salinity tolerance of dominant fishes utilizing the Orange River-Estuary Continuum. Welwitschia International Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 2: 19–32.

Akawa, T and Nashima, FP. 2014. The role of fisheries management in promoting fishery development: an analysis of the Namibian Horse Mackerels (Trachurus capensis). Journal of Agriculture and Biodiversity Research. 3(1): 9-13.

Hutchings, K. & C.G Attwood. 2013. Belman (Umbrina robinsoni) In: Mann BQ. (Ed). Southern African Marine Linefish Species Profiles. Special publication, Oceanographic Research Institute, Durban 9:165-166

Lamberth, S.J., Branch, G.M. & B.M. Clark. 2010. Estuarine refugia and fish responses to a large anoxic, hydrogen sulphide, “black tide” event in the adjacent marine environment. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 86: 203-215

Hutchings, K. & M. H. Griffiths. 2010. Life-history strategies of Umbrina robinsoni (Sciaenidae) in warm-temperate and sub-tropical South African marine reserves. African Journal of Marine Science 32(1):37-53

Hutchings, K. & M. H. Griffiths. 2010. Assessment of South African Umbrina robinsoni based on per-recruit models. African Journal of Marine Science 32(3): 511–523

Hutchings, K., Griffiths M. H. & S.J Lamberth. 2010. An investigation of the effect of temporal variation in growth rate of Umbrina robinsoni on biological reference point estimates calculated using per-recruit models. African Journal of Marine Science 32(3): 633–636

Napier, V.R., Turpie, J.K. & B.M. Clark. 2009. Value and management of the subsistence fishery at Knysna Estuary, South Africa. African Journal of Marine Science 31(3): 297–310

Clark, B.M., Impson, D. & J. Rall. 2009. Present status and historical changes in the fish fauna of the Berg River, South Africa. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 64(2): 142–163

Hutchings, K., Clark, B.M., Atkinson, L.J. & C. G. Attwood. 2008. Evidence of recovery of the linefishery in the Berg River Estuary, Western Cape, South Africa, subsequent to closure of commercial gillnetting. African Journal of Marine Science 30 (3): 507–517

Hutchings, K., Griffiths, M. H. & J. G. Field. 2006. Regional variation in the life history of the canary drum Umbrina canariensis (Sciaenidae), in South African waters. Fisheries Research 77:312-325

Branch, G.M. and Clark, B.M. 2006. Fish stocks and their management: The changing face of fisheries in South Africa. Marine Policy 30 (1): 3-17

Hutchings, K. & M. H. Griffiths. 2005. Identity and distribution of southern African sciaenid fish species of the genus Umbrina. African Journal of Marine Science 27(1): 1-22

Hutchings, K. & S. J. Lamberth. 2003. The likely impacts of an eastward expansion of the gill-net fishery in the Western Cape, South Africa; Implications for Management. Marine and Freshwater Research 54: 39-56

Cockroft, A.C., Sauer, W., Branch G.M., Clark, B.M., Dye, A. H. & E. Russell. 2002. Assessment of resource availability and sustainability for subsistence fishers in South Africa with a review of resource management procedures. South Africa Journal of Marine Science 489-502

Harris, J.M., Branch, G.M., Clark, B.M., Coetzee, C., Dye, A.H., Hauck, M., Johnson, A., Kati-Kati, L., SiqWano-Ndulo, N., & M. Sowman. 2002. Recommendations for the management of subsistence fishers in South Africa. South Africa Journal of Marine Science 24: 503-523

Harris, J.M., Sowman, M., Branch, G.M., Clark, B.M., Cockroft, A.C., Coetzee, C., Dye, A.H., Hauck, M., Johnston, A., Kati-Kati, L., Maseko, Z., Salo, K., Sauer, W.H.H., Siqwana-Ndulo, N. and J. Beaumont. 2002. The process of developing a management system for subsistence fisheries in South Africa: recognizing and formalizing a marginalized fishing sector in South Africa. South Africa Journal of Marine Science 24: 405-424

Hauck, M., Sowman, M., Russel, E., Clark, B.M., Harris, J.M., Venter, A., Beaumont, J. and Z. Maseko. 2002. Perceptions of subsistence and informal fishers in South Africa. South Africa Journal of Marine Science 24: 464-474

Hutchings, K. & S. J. Lamberth. 2002. Catch and effort estimates for the gill and beachseine net fisheries in the Western Cape, South Africa. South African Journal of Marine Science 24: 205-225

Hutchings, K. & S. J. Lamberth. 2002. By-catch in the gill and beach-seine net fisheries in the Western Cape, South Africa, with implications for management. South African Journal of Marine Science 24: 227-241

Hutchings, K., Lamberth, S. J. & J. K. Turpie. 2002. Socio-economic characteristics of gill and beach-seine net fishers in the Western Cape, South Africa. South African Journal of Marine Science 24: 243-262

Clark, B.M., Hauck, M., Harris, J., Salo, K. and E. Russell. 2002. Identification of subsistence fishers, fishing areas, resource use and activities. South Africa Journal of Marine Science 24: 425-438

Hutchings, K., Lamberth, S. J. & C. L. Griffiths. 1999. Gill nets and line-fish, what is the catch? SANCOR occasional Report 5: 77-84

Lamberth, S.J., Sauer, W.H.H., Mann, B.Q., Brouwer, S.L., Clark, B.M. & C. Erasmus. 1997. The current status of the South African beach-seine and gill-net fisheries. South Africa Journal of Marine Science 18: 195-202

Clark, B.M. 1996. Variation in surf zone fish community structure across a wave exposure gradient. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 44: 659-674

Clark, B.M., B.A. Bennett & S.J. Lamberth. 1996. Factors affecting spatial variability in seine net catches of fish in the surf-zone of False Bay, South Africa. Marine Ecology Progress Series 131: 17-34

Clark, B.M., B.A. Bennett & S.J. Lamberth. 1996. Temporal variations in surf-zone fish assemblages from False Bay, South Africa. Marine Ecology Progress Series 131: 35-47

Lamberth, S.J., B.A. Bennett & B.M. Clark. 1995. The vulnerability of fish to capture by commercial beach-seine nets in False Bay, South Africa. South Africa Journal of Marine Science 15: 25-31

Lamberth, S.J., B.A. Bennett & B.M. Clark. 1995. Seasonality of beach-seine catches in False Bay, South Africa, and implications for management. South Africa Journal of Marine Science 15: 157-167

Clark, B.M., B.A. Bennett & S.J. Lamberth. 1994. A comparison of the ichthyofauna of two estuaries and their adjacent surf-zones, with an assessment of the effects of beach-seining on the nursery function of estuaries for fish. South Africa Journal of Marine Science 14: 121-131

Clark, B.M., B.A. Bennett & S.J. Lamberth. 1994. Assessment of the impact of commercial beach-seine netting on juvenile teleosts in the surf-zone of False bay, South Africa. South Africa Journal of Marine Science 14: 255-262

Lamberth, S.J., B.A. Bennett & B.M. Clark. 1994. The catch composition of commercial beach-seine fishermen in False Bay, South Africa. South Africa Journal of Marine Science 14: 69-78

Clark, B.M. & B.A. Bennett. 1993. Are juvenile fish an issue in the trek net controversy? Fish, fishers and fisheries, Proc. 2nd Mar. Recreational Angling Symp., Durban, October 1992. Beckley, L.E. & R.P. van der Elst (eds.) Spec. Publ. oceanogr. Res. Inst. S. Afr. 2: 157-159

Environmental Economics

Turpie, J.K., Letley, G.K., Weiss, J. & Schmidt, K. 2022. Accounting for ecosystem services and asset value: lessons from the pilot accounts for KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, 2005-2011. One Ecosystem 7: e86392.

Coldrey, K. M., Turpie, J. K., Midgley, G., Scheiter, S., Hannah, L., Roehrdanz, P. R., & Foden, W. B. 2022. Assessing protected area vulnerability to climate change in a case study of South African national parks. Conservation Biology, e13941. https://doi.org/10.1111/cobi.13941

Gelo, D. & Turpie, J. 2022. The effect of forest land use on the cost of drinking water supply: machine learning evidence from South African data. Journal of Environmental Economics and Policy DOI: 10.1080/21606544.2021.2024094.

Kutela, D.G.  & Turpie, J.K. 2021. Bayesian analysis of demand for urban green space: A contingent valuation of developing new urban park. Land Use Policy 109:105623.

Turpie, J.K. & Letley, G.K. 2021. Would areas under community-based natural resource management benefit from external oversight? World Development 142: 105442.

Rees SE, Ashley M, Evans L, Mangi S, Sheehan EV, Mullier T, Rees A, Attrill MJ. 2021. An evaluation of the social and economic impact of a Marine Protected Area on commercial fisheries. Fisheries Research 235: 105819. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fishres.2020.105819

Laing, SCS, Schleyer, MH & Turpie, JK 2020. Ecosystem service values of sediment generation and entrapment by marginal coral reefs at Sodwana Bay, South Africa. African Journal of Marine Science 42:199-207, DOI: 10.2989/1814232X.2020.1771415

Pfaff, MC, Logston, RC, Raemaekers, SJPN, Hermes, JC, Blamey, LK, Cawthra, HC, Colenbrander, DR, Crawford, RJM, Day, E, du Plessis, N, Elwen, SH, Fawcett, SE, Jury, MR, Karenyi, N, Kerwath, SE, Kock, AA, Krug, M, Lamberth, SJ, Omardien, A, Pitcher, GC, Rautenbach, C, Robinson, TB, Rouault, M, Ryan, PG, Shillington, FA, Sowman, M, Sparks, CC, Turpie, JK, van Niekerk, L, Waldron, HN, Yeld, EM and Kirkman, SP. 2019. A synthesis of three decades of socio-ecological change in False Bay, South Africa: setting the scene for multidisciplinary research and management. Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene 7: 32. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1525/elementa.367.

Turpie, J.K. & Akinyemi, B. 2018. The socio-economic impacts of livestock depredation and its prevention in South Africa Ch3 in: Kerley, G. & Balfour, D. (eds). Scientific Assessment on Predation and Livestock in South Africa. (peer-reviewed book chapter)

Turpie, J.K., Forsythe, K.J., Knowles, A., Blignaut, J. & Letley, G. 2017. Mapping and valuation of South Africa’s ecosystem services: a local perspective. Ecosystem Services 27: 179–192

White, R., Turpie, J. & Letley, G. 2017 Greening Africa’s Cities: Enhancing the relationship between urbanization, environmental assets and ecosystem services. The World Bank, Washington D.C. 50pp

Kerley, G.I.H., Behrens, K.G., Caruthers, J., Diemont, M., Du Plessis, J., Minnie, L., Richardson, P.K., Somers, M.J., Tambling, C.T., Turpie, J., Van Niekerk, H.N. & Balfour, D. 2017. Livestock predation in South Africa: The need for and value of a scientific assessment. South African journal of Science 113 (3/4) http://dx.doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2017/a0198

Tibesigwa, B., Visser, M. & Turpie, J. 2016. Climate change and South Africa’s commercial farms: an assessment of impacts on specialised horticulture, crop, livestock and mixed farming systems. Environment, Development and Sustainability DOI 10.1007/s10668-015-9755-6

Letley, G. & Turpie, J.K. 2016. The contributions of natural and man-made green open space to property value in Durban, South Africa: a hedonic pricing study. Environment for Development Discussion Paper Series EfD DP

Black, D., Turpie, J.K. & Rao, N. 2016 Evaluating the cost-effectiveness of ecosystem-based adaptation: Kamiesberg wetlands case study. South African Journal of Environmental Management Sciences 5:702-713

Tibesigwa, B., Visser, M. & Turpie, J. 2014. The impact of climate change on net revenue and food adequacy of subsistence farming households in South Africa. Environment and Development Economics 19: 1-27

Turpie, J. & Goss, J.2014. Potential impacts of alternative regulatory interventions on the recreational value of angling on the Breede River estuary, South Africa. African Journal of Marine Science 36: 399-408

Sowman, M., Scott, D., Green, L., Hara, M., Hauck, M., Kirsten, K., Paterson, B., Raemaekers, S., Scott, K., Sunde, J. & Turpie, J. 2013. Shallow waters: social science research in the marine environment. African Journal of Marine Science 35:385-402

Lewis, S.E.F., Turpie, J.K. & Ryan, P.G. 2012. Are African Penguins worth saving? The ecotourism value of the Boulders Beach colony. African Journal of Marine Science

Biggs, D. Turpie, J., Fabricius, C. & Spenceley, A. 2011. The value of avitourism for conservation and job creation—an analysis from South Africa. Conservation and Society 9: 80-90

Turpie, JK, Day, E., Ross-Gillespie, V. and Louw, A. 2010. Estimation of the Water Quality Amelioration Value of Wetlands: A Case Study of the Western Cape, South Africa. Environment for Development Discussion Paper Series EfD DP 10-15

Turpie, J.K. & Lamberth, S.J. 2010. Characteristics and value of the Thukela Banks crustacean and linefish fisheries, and the potential impacts of changes in river flow. African Journal of Marine Science 32: 613–624

Dollar, E. S. J., Nicolson, C. R., Brown, C. A., Turpie, J. K., Joubert, A. R. Turton, A. R., Grobler, D. F., Pienaar, H. H., Ewart-Smith J. and Manyaka, S. M. 2010. Development of the South African Water Resource Classification System (WRCS): a tool towards the sustainable, equitable and efficient use of water resources in a developing country. Water Policy 12: 479–499

Scovronick, N.C. & Turpie, J.K. 2009. Is enhanced tourism a reasonable expectation for transboundary conservation? An evaluation of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. Environmental Conservation 36: 149-156

Napier, V.R., Turpie J.K. & B.M. Clark. 2009. Value and management of the subsistence fishery at Knysna Estuary, South Africa. African Journal of Marine Science 31: 297–310

Lannas, K. S. M., & J.K. Turpie. 2009. Valuing the provisioning services of wetlands: contrasting a rural wetland in Lesotho with a peri-urban wetland in South Africa. Ecology and Society 14(2): 18. [online] URL: http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol14/iss2/art18/

Turpie, J.K. 2008. Environmental and resource economics. Ch 2 in Environmental management in South Africa. Juta, Cape Town. (Book chapter)

Turpie, J.K. 2008. The valuation of riparian fisheries in southern and eastern Africa. Pp 107-146 in Neiland, A.E. and C. Béné (eds.) 2008. Tropical river fisheries valuation: background papers to a global synthesis. The WorldFish Center Studies and Reviews 1836, 290 pp. The WorldFish Center, Penang, Malaysia. (Book chapter)

Turpie, J.K., Marais, C. & Blignaut, J. 2008. Evolution of a Payments for Ecosystem Services mechanism addressing both poverty and ecosystem service delivery in South Africa. Ecological Economics 65:788-798

Turpie, J.K., O’Connor, T., Mills, A. & Robertson, H. 2007. The ecological and economic consequences of changing land use in the southern Drakensberg grasslands, South Africa. Southern African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences 10: 423- 443

Dugan, P., Sugunan, V.V., Welcomme, R.L., Bene, C., Brummett, E., Beveridge, M.C.M., Abban, K., Amarasinghe, U., Arthington, A., Blixt, M. Chimatiro, S., Katiha, P., King, J., Koliding, J. Khoa, N. & Turpie, J.K. 2007. Inland fisheries and aquaculture. Pp. 459-484 in Molden, D. (ed.) Water for food, water for life: a comprehensive assessment of water management in agriculture. Earthscan, London. (Book chapter)

Turpie, J.K., Sihlope, N., Carter, A. Maswime, T. & Hosking, S. 2007 Maximising the socio-economic benefits of estuaries through integrated planning and management: a rationale and protocol for incorporating and enhancing estuary values in planning and management In: Water Research Commission. Profiling estuary management in integrated development planning in South Africa, with particular reference to the Eastern Cape Province. WRC Report No. 1485/1/07. (Published report)

Mills, A.J., Turpie, J.K., Cowling, R.M., Marais, C., Kerley, G.I.H., Lechmere-Oertel, R.G., Sigwela, A.M. & Powell, M. 2007. Assessing costs, benefits and feasibility of subtropical thicket restoration in the Eastern Cape, South Africa. p179-187. in Aaronson, J., Milton, S.J., Blignaut, J. & Raven, P. (eds.) Restoring natural capital: science, business and practice. Island Press. (Book chapter)

Blignaut, J.N., Marais, C. & J. Turpie. 2006. Determining a charge for the clearing of invasive alien plant species to augment water supply in South Africa. Water SA. 33:27-34

Turpie, J.K., Winkler, H. & Midgley, G. 2004. Economic impacts of climate change in South Africa: a preliminary analysis of unmitigated damage costs. Pp. 130 – 160 in: Blignaut, J.N. & de Wit, M.P. Sustainable Options. UCT Press. (Book chapter)

Turpie, J.K. & Joubert, A.R. 2004. The value of flower tourism on the Bokkeveld Plateau, a botanical hotspot around Nieuwoudtville in the Northern Cape, South Africa. Development Southern Africa 21: 645-662.

Turpie, J.K. 2004. The role of resource economics in the control of invasive alien plants in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 100: 87-93

Fairbanks, D.H.K., Hughes, C.J. & J.K. Turpie. 2004. Potential impact of viticulture expansion on habitat types in the Cape Floristic Region, South Africa. Biodiversity and Conservation 13: 1075 – 1100

Turpie, J.K. & J.I. Barnes. 2003. Balancing ecology and economics in the multiple use of wetlands on communal lands. Proceedings VIIth International Rangelands Congress, Durban, South Africa, 26 July – 1 August 2003. 1932-1941. (Conference proceedings)

Turpie, J.K. 2003. The existence value of biodiversity in South Africa: how interest, experience, knowledge, income and perceived level of threat influence local willingness to pay. Ecological Economics 46: 199-216

Lamberth, S.J. & J.K. Turpie. 2003. The role of estuaries in South African fisheries: economic importance and economic implications. African Journal of Marine Science 25: 131-157

Turpie, J.K., Heydenrych, B.J. & S.J. Lamberth. 2003. Economic value of terrestrial and marine biodiversity in the Cape Floristic Region: implications for defining effective and socially optimal conservation strategies. Biological Conservation 112: 233-251

Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. 2003. Ecosystems and human well-being: A Framework for assessment. Island Press, London. (too many authors to list). (Book)

Pence, G.Q.K., Turpie, J.K. & M.A. Botha. 2003. Evaluating combinations of on and off reserve conservation strategies for the Agulhas Plain, South Africa: a financial perspective. Biological Conservation 112: 253-273

Frazee, S.R., Cowling, R.M., Pressey, R.L., Turpie, J.K. & N. Lindenberg. 2003. Estimating the costs of conserving a biodiversity hotspot: a case study of the Cape Floristic Region, South Africa. Biological Conservation 112: 275-290

Turpie, J.K. 2003. The economics of protected areas in South Africa. African Wildlife 57 (3): 34-37. (Popular article)

Turpie, J.K. & H. van Zyl. 2002. Valuing the environment in water resources management. Pp 85-110, in: Hirji, R., Johnson, P., Maro, P. & Matiza Chiuta, T. (eds) Defining and mainstreaming environmental sustainability in water resources management in southern Africa. SADC, IUCN, SARDC, World Bank: Maseru/Harare/Washington DC. (Book chapter)

Turpie, J.K. & B.H. Heydenrych. 2002. Fynbos: a preliminary assessment of its status and economic value. Pp 73-116 in: Hassan, R.M. (Ed). Accounting for stock and flow values of woody land resources: methods and results from South Africa. CEEPA, University of Pretoria, Pretoria. (Book chapter)

Hutchings, K., Lamberth, S.J. & J.K. Turpie. 2002 Socio-economic characteristics of gill and beach-seine fishers in the Western Cape, South Africa. S.A. Journal of Marine Science 24: 243-262

Hogan, R., Turpie, J.K., Mbiha, E.R., Senkondo, E.M.M. & O. Hamerlynck. 2002. Socio-economic aspects of natural resource use in the Rufiji delta. Proceedings of the Second WIOMSA Symposium 22-26 October, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. (Conference proceedings)

Turpie, J.K. & Joubert, A. 2001. The tourism value of rivers in Kruger National Park and impacts of a change in river quality. Water SA 27: 387-398

Mogaka, H., Simons, G., Turpie, J., Emerton, L. & F. Karanja. 2001. Economic aspects of community involvement in sustainable forest management in eastern and southern Africa. IUCN-EARO, Nairobi. (Book)

Turpie, J.K. & Heydenrych, B.H. 2000. Economic consequences of alien infestation of the Cape Floral Kingdom's Fynbos vegetation. pp 152-182 in Perrings, C., Williamson, M. & Dalmazzone, S. (eds) The economics of biological invasions. Cheltenham, U.K.: Edward Elgar. pp. 214-261. (Book chapter)

Ballance, A., Ryan, P.G. & J.K. Turpie. 2000. How much is a clean beach worth? The impact of litter on beach users in the Cape Peninsula, South Africa. South African Journal of Science 96: 210-213

Grundy, I., Turpie, J.K., Jagger, P., Witkowski, E., Guambe, I., Semwayo, D. & A. Solomon. 2000. Implications of co-management for benefits from natural resources for rural households in north-western Zimbabwe. Ecological Economics 33: 369-381

Turpie, J.K. & P.G. Ryan. 1999. What are birders worth? The value of birding in South Africa. Africa: birds & birding 4: 64-68. (Popular article)

Higgins, S.I., Turpie, J.K., Costanza, R., Cowling, R.M., le Maitre, D.C., Marais, C. & G. Midgley. 1997. An ecological economic simulation model of mountain fynbos ecosystems: dynamics, valuation and management. Ecological Economics 22: 155-169

Turpie, J.K. & W.R. Siegfried. 1996. The conservation - economic imperative: securing the future of protected areas in South Africa. Africa: environment and wildlife 4 (3): 35-37. (Popular article)

Ryan, P.G. & J.K. Turpie. 1995. Putting a price tag on rarity. Birding in Southern Africa 47 (3): 92-93. (Popular article)

Turpie, J.K. 1994. The billion dollar bird. S.A. Commercial Marine 3 (4): 23,30. (Popular article)


Malan, A., Biccard, A., Dawson, J., Payne, R., Schmidt, K., Gihwala, K. N., Kamwi, B., Kaimbi, L., Vumazonke, J., Mutaleni, M., Shannon, T., Chordekar, S., Ross-Gillespie, V. (2024). Diversity, distribution and knowledge gaps of Polychaeta on the continental shelf of southern Namibia. African Zoology, 1–16. https://doi.org/10.1080/15627020.2024.2349648

Sedick S, Clarke D, Biccard A & K Gihwala. 2023.  A new species of Ninoe (Annelida: Lumbrineridae) from the continental shelf off southern Namibia. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 103, E25. doi:10.1017/S0025315423000152.

Pfaff MC, Biccard A, Mvula PE, Olbers J, Mushanganyisi K, Macdonald A, Samaai T. 2022. Giants and titans: first records of the invasive acorn barnacles Megabalanus tintinnabulum (Linnaeus, 1758) and Megabalanus coccopoma (Darwin, 1854) on intertidal rocky shores of South Africa. BioInvasions Records. 11(3): 721–737, https://doi.org/10.3391/bir.2022.11.3.14

Samaai, T., Turner, T.L., Kara, J., Yemane, D., Ngwakum, B.B., Payne, R.P. & Kerwath, S. 2022. Confirmation of the  southern African distribution of the marine sponge Hymeniacidon perlevis (Montagu, 1814) in the context of its global dispersal. PeerJ 10: e14388.          

Payne, R., Samaai, T. & Kelly, M. 2022.  New Latrunculiidae genus (Porifera, Poecilosclerida) from the Madagascar Ridge.  Zootaxa 5105(2): 296–300.

Haupt, T.M., Ceasar, J., Stefanoudis, P., von der Meden, C., Payne, R.P., Adams, L.A., Anders, D.R., Bernard, A.T., Coetzer, W., Florence, W.K., Janson, L.A., Johnson, A.S., Juby, R., Kock, A.A., Langenkämper, D., Nadjim, A.M., Parker, D., Samaai, T., Snyders, L.B., Upfold, L., van der   Heever, G.M. & Williams, L.L.  2022.  The WIO Regional Benthic Imagery Workshop: Lessons from past IIOE-2 expeditions.  Research Ideas and Outcomes 8: e81563.

Ngwakum, B., Payne, R.P., Teske, P.R., Janson, L., Kerwath, S.E. & Samaai, T.  2021.  Hundreds of new DNA barcodes for South African sponges.  Systematics and Biodiversity 19(7): 747–769.

Malan, A., Williams, J.D., Abe, H. et al. 2020 Clarifying the cryptogenic species Polydora neocaeca Williams & Radashevsky, 1999 (Annelida: Spionidae): a shell-boring invasive pest of molluscs from locations worldwide. Mar. Biodivers. 50, 51. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12526-020-01066-8

Samaai, T., Kelly, M., Ngwakum, B., Payne, R., Teske, P.R., Janson, L., Kerwath, S., Parker, D. & Gibbons, M.J.  2020.  New Latrunculiidae (Demospongiae, Poecilosclerida) from the Agulhas ecoregion of temperate southern Africa.  Zootaxa 4896(3): 409–442.

Samaai, T., Payne, R.P., Maduray, S. & Janson, L.  2018.  Phylum Porifera.  In: Atkinson, L.J. & Sink, K.J. (Eds.), Field Guide to the Offshore Marine Invertebrates of South Africa. Malachite Marketing and Media, Pretoria, pp. 37–64.

Biccard, A. & C.L. Griffiths. 2016. Additions to the barnacle (Crustacea: Cirripedia) fauna of South Africa. African Zoology 51: 99-116

Wright, A.G., Perez-Portela, R. & C.L. Griffiths. 2016. Determining the correct identity of South African Marthasterias (Echinodermata: Asteroidea). African Journal of Marine Science 8(3): 443-455

Payne, R.P., Griffiths, C.L., von der Heyden, S. & Koch, E. 2015.  The cushion-star Parvulastra exigua in South Africa: one species or more?  ZooKeys 524: 1–16. 

Dawson, J. & Griffiths, C. (2012). Revision of the crown crabs, genus Hymenosoma (Crustacea: Hymenosomatidae), of South Africa. African Nat. Hist. 8, 16–29.

Whitehead, O., Biccard, A., & CL Griffiths. 2011. South African pelagic goose barnacles: substratum preferences and influence of plastic debris on abundance and distribution. Crustaceana 84 (5-6): 635-649


Clark, B.M., Turpie, J.K., Cullis, J., Dawson, J., Dobinson, L., Kunneke, M.M., & Horn, A. (2022). The impacts of long-term flow reductions and an extreme drought on a large, permanently open estuary, and implications for setting the ecological reserve. Water SA 48(2) 134–150.

Coldrey, K. M., Turpie, J. K., Midgley, G., Scheiter, S., Hannah, L., Roehrdanz, P. R., & Foden, W. B. 2022. Assessing protected area vulnerability to climate change in a case study of South African national parks. Conservation Biology, e13941. https://doi.org/10.1111/cobi.13941

Coldrey, K.M. & Turpie, J.K. 2020. The future representativeness of Madagascar’s protected area network in the face of climate change.  African Journal of Ecology 00:1–11. DOI: 10.1111/aje.12819.

Coldrey, K.M. & Turpie, J.K. 2020. Potential impacts of changing climate on nature-based tourism: A case study of South Africa’s national parks. Koedoe. 62(1), a1629. https://doi. org/10.4102/koedoe. v62i1.1629.

Clark, B.M. 2005. Climate change: A looming challenge for fisheries management in southern Africa. Marine Policy 30 (1): 84-95